This week's top two writers
Reading Comprehension

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The writer, Alexander McCall Smith was born to Scottish parents in Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, in 1948. He grew up there, and then moved to Scotland to study law at the University of Edinburgh. Returning to Africa, he taught law at the University of Botswana for a number of years. During this time, he noticed the warmth and kindness of the people of Botswana. He now lives in Scotland with his wife, Elizabeth, and two daughters, Lucy and Emily. Although he travels widely as a writer, his favourite activities include spending time at home with his family, cooking for family and friends and playing the bassoon in the Really Terrible Orchestra.
McCall Smith has written many books, including children's stories, but is best-known for his books about a lady detective in Botswana. Mma Ramotswe, a lady "of traditional build", likes drinking bush tea and helping people. So, she opens the "Number One Ladies' Detective Agency", and does just that. There have been several books about her, and each one shows the gentle, funny, and mostly good side of human nature; the side that the writer sees in the people of Botswana.

Aravind Adiga was born in southeastern India, the son of a doctor, and grew up in Mangalore and Australia. He studied English Literature at Columbia University in New York and Magdalen College, Oxford. After that Adiga became a journalist with the Financial Times. He also worked for Time magazine in India and in other parts of Asia. After deciding to stay in Mumbai, he wrote a book called The White Tiger, which won an important literary award, the Booker prize, in 2008.

The book follows the story of its main character, Balram Halwai, who starts life as a servant in modern India, and finally becomes a successful businessman. As he tells his story, Balram shows the reader a part of India that we don't usually see, and the reality of life for the Indian poor. The book paints a picture that is both shocking and powerful. It shows us how difficult it is for many poor people to find a better life in modern India.

How did Adiga, who is from a comfortable middle-class family, create such a realistic story about the poor? Says that as a journalist he travelled widely, and spent a lot of time talking with poor people at railway stations. He kept a diary of those conversations, and used his notes to build the character of Balram.

Reading Comprehension Quiz

Bạn hãy đọc kỹ bài bên trên trước khi trả lời các câu hỏi trong bài luyện tập dưới đây:

New words/phrases

Một số từ mới và cấu trúc bạn nên nhớ

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Thám tử
She was the only female private detective in the country.
Cô ấy là nữ thám tử tư duy nhất trong nước.
Khổ người, tầm vóc bề ngoài
My grandmother, a lady “of traditional build”, likes drinking tea and helping people.
Bà của tôi là mẫu phụ nữ với vẻ bề ngoài truyền thống, thích uống trà và giúp đỡ mọi người.
Spend time (with Sb) doing Sth
Sử dụng thời gian với ai vào mục đích gì
I spent a lot of time cleaning that room.
Tôi đã dành rất nhiều thời gian cho việc lau dọn cái phòng đó.
Like doing Sth
Thích làm gì
I don't like upsetting people.
Tôi không thích làm người khác buồn.
Decide to do Sth
Quyết định làm gì
In the end, we decided to go to the theatre.
Cuối cùng thì chúng tôi cũng quyết định đi đến rạp hát.
Grow up
Lớn lên, trưởng thành
I grew up in Scotland.
Tôi đã lớn lên ở Scotland.
Good side
Phần tốt đẹp
She seems quite mean, but actually she has a good side.
Cô ấy dường như hơi keo kiệt, nhưng thực ra cô ấy cũng có phần tốt.
Human nature
Bản chất con người
You can't change human nature.
Bạn không thể thay đổi được bản chất con người.
Middle class
Tầng lớp trung lưu
Lower class
Tầng lớp hạ lưu
Upper class
Tầng lớp thượng lưu
Anne lives in a middle class suburb of New York.
Anne sống ở khu vực ngoại ô New York dành cho giới trung lưu.
He began life as a lower class orphan.
Anh ấy khởi đầu là một cậu bé mồ côi ở tầng lớp hạ lưu.
She was brought up into an upper class society.
Cô ấy được nuôi dưỡng trong một xã hội thượng lưu.

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