Trong bài học số 5 của khóa học Tiếng Anh cơ bản 2 này chúng ta sẽ tìm hiểu về các từ vựng liên quan đến chủ đề môi trường (Environment) trong tiếng Anh. Các bạn hãy cố gắng theo dõi cách phiên âm, ví dụ của các từ và đọc theo mẫu nhé!
New Words



(Class: n.)

Nhà bảo vệ môi trường

Environmentalists are people who love the natural world.



(Class: n.)

Khí hậu

They wanted to move to a warmer climate.



(Class: n.)

Đa dạng sinh học

The mining project threatens one of the world's richest areas of biodiversity.



(Class: n.)

Bầu khí quyển

If the Earth was an orange, the crust would be as thick as the skin, but the atmosphere is as thin as the plastic wrap on the outside.

Ozone layer

/ˈoʊzoʊn ˈleɪər/

(Class:compound n.)

Tầng Ôzôn

The ozone layer is in better shape now that certain chemicals are banned, which is proof that environmental laws are important.



(Class: n.)

Môi trường sống

The panda's natural habitat is the bamboo forest.



(Class: n.)

Bảo tồn

Road development in the area has been severely affected by the council's conservation programmes.



(Class: adj.)

Có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng

The sea turtle is an endangered species.



(Class: n.)

Sinh vật

The mouse is a shy, nocturnal creature.



(Class: v.)

Cứu, tiết kiệm

To protect the environment, we should save energy, reduce pollution, and preserve our natural resources.



(Class: v.)

Bảo vệ

Students understand the need for protecting the environment because they know it’s really about the future health and happiness of people everywhere.



(Class: v.)

Tái chế

Denmark recycles nearly 85% of its paper.



(Class: v.)

Phá hủy

The house was completely destroyed by fire.



(Class: v.)

Làm ô nhiễm

The river has been polluted with toxic waste from local factories.

Use up

/juːz ʌp/

(Class: phr. v.)

Dùng hết kiệt

Cars use up energy and cause pollution.

Throw away

/θroʊ əˈweɪ/

(Class: phr. v.)

Vứt bỏ, ném đi

Don’t throw anything away, we try to recycle a lot.

Cut down

/kʌt daʊn/

(Class: phr. v.)

Chặt bỏ đi, cắt giảm

Cutting down trees affects us and our environment by making floods worse for everyone.



(Class: v.)

Làm bẩn, đầu độc

The soil has been seriously contaminated.



(Class: v.)

Đe dọa

Plastic waste threatens our marine environment.



(Class: v.)

Vứt bỏ, đổ

Old washing machines have been dumped near the beach.



(Class: v.)

Rò rỉ

The tank had leaked a small amount of water.

Die out

/daɪ aʊt/

(Class: phr. v.)

Tuyệt chủng, chết hết

There might have been a change in the climate of a particular region, and the plants or animals on which the species lived could have died out because of the change in the weather.

Renewable energy

/rɪˈnjuːəbl ˈenərdʒi/

(Class: compound n.)

Năng lượng tái sinh

Renewable energy is energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat.

Nuclear Energy

/ˈnjuːkliə(r) ˈenərdʒi/

(Class:compound n.)

Năng lượng nguyên tử

A major advantage of nuclear energy is that it doesn't put carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.

Solar energy

/ˈsəʊlə(r) ˈenərdʒi/

(Class: compound n.)

Năng lượng mặt trời

Solar energy technologies use the sun's energy and light to provide heat and electricity for homes, businesses, and industry.

Forest fire

/ˈfɔːrɪst ˈfaɪər/

(Class: compound n.)

Cháy rừng

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung has issued an order asking ministries, industries and localities to take drastic measures to prevent forest fires.



(Class: n.)

Thảm họa

Thousands of animals died in the environmental disaster.



(Class: n.)

Sự tuyệt chủng

We know of several mass extinctions in the earth's history.



(Class: n.)

Nạn phá rừng

Human activities, particularly agriculture and deforestation, have increased erosion rates.



(Class: n.)

Nạn đói

The Irish Famine of 1846-50 took as many as a million lives from hunger and disease.

Oil slick

/ɔɪl slɪk/

(Class: compound n.)

Tràn dầu

Oil slicks cause untold damage to algae, seaweed, plant life, fish, birds, sea mammals, shellfish, and the soil and rocks on beaches.



(Class: n.)

Bụi bẩn

Do not inhale the dust, it's dangerous.



(Class: n.)

Sự ô nhiễm

Pollution is caused when harmful or poisonous substances are released into the air, rivers, seas, animals, plants or even our bodies.

Climate change

/ˈklaɪmət tʃeɪndʒ/

(Class: compound n.)

Biến đổi khí hậu

Climate change is now widely recognized as the major environmental problem facing the globe.

Greenhouse effect

/ˈɡriːnhaʊs ɪˈfekt/

(Class: compound n.)

Hiệu ứng nhà kính

We are all beginning to experience global warming due to the enhanced greenhouse effect.



(Class: n.)

Động đất

The earthquake measured 6.8 on the Richter scale.

Global warming

/ɡloʊbl ˈwɔːrmɪŋ/

(Class: compound n.)

Hiện tượng ấm lên toàn cầu

There is growing evidence that current global warming is human-caused and that it is having widespread impacts.



(Class: n.)

Hạn hán

The country's entire grain harvest has been hit by drought.

Volcanic eruption

/vɒlˈkænɪk ɪˈrʌptʃn/

(Class: compound n.)

Sự phun trào của núi lửa

Erupting volcanoes can pose many hazards, not only in the immediate vicinity of the eruption.



(Class: n.)

Sóng thần

These people are from 3 villages affected by the tsunami.



(Class: n.)

Lũ lụt

The heavy rain has caused floods in many parts of the country.



(Class: n.)

Bão nhiệt đới

Almost 70 % of the island's total rainfall occurs during the summer typhoon months.

Acid rain

/ˈæsɪd reɪn/

(Class: compound n.)

Mưa axít

The governments of both the USA and Canada are trying to solve the problems caused by acid rain in a number of ways.



(Class: n.)


I think we're in for a storm.



(Class: n.)

Lốc xoáy

Tornadoes ripped through the Southern United States yesterday.

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