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NUTRITION
Listening comprehension
Hướng dẫn

1Bạn hãy chuẩn bị giấy, bút để có thể ghi nhanh lại những từ, ý chính trong khi nghe

2Đọc kỹ hướng dẫn, yêu cầu và câu hỏi trước khi nghe.

3Nghe lại bài kèm lời thoại nhiều lần sau khi hoàn thành bài tập.

Yêu cầu

Trong phần luyện tập bên dưới, các bạn lưu ý:

Với câu hỏi số 1 và 2, các bạn sẽ nghe đoạn Audio 1 - giới thiệu về các món ăn đặc trưng của người Nhật. Bạn sẽ nghe Audio 1 tại đây:

Với câu hỏi số 3 và 4, các bạn sẽ nghe đoạn Audio 2 - giới thiệu về thói quen ăn uống của người Nhật. Bạn sẽ nghe Audio 2 tại đây:

Với câu hỏi số 5 và 6, các bạn sẽ nghe đoạn Audio 3 - giới thiệu một số quy tắc khi ngồi vào bàn ăn của người Nhật. Bạn sẽ nghe Audio 3 tại đây:

Từ câu hỏi số 7 đến câu số 10, các bạn sẽ nghe đoạn Audio 4 - hướng dẫn nấu món mỳ trộn. Bạn sẽ nghe Audio 4 tại đây:

Listening comprehension quiz

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Transcript

Các bạn có thể nghe lại bài kèm lời thoại nhiều lần bằng cách nhấn vào nút dưới đây:

Typical dishes
The best - known styles of Japanese food are sashimi (sliced raw fish) eaten with wasabi (a spicy green horseradish paste) and soy sauce. Sushi is raw fish and rice in seaweed, cut into small pieces and served with soy sauce and wasabi. You can buy sushi all over the world now but it won't be as good as in Japan. Tempura consists of vegetables or seafood coated in batter and deep-fried. Sukiyaki is a stew of beef, cooked together in sake (rice wine), sugar and soy sauce. It is served with vegetables and tofu.
Daily eating
People in Japan generally eat three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner. A traditional breakfast consists of steamed rice, miso soup, and side dished like pickles, grilled fish and dried seaweed. Some families now eat a Western-style breakfast of cereal, toast, milk and fruit juice. Dinner is the main meal of the day and may be traditional Japanese - style or a dish from another cuisine such as Italian, Chinese, French or American. I'm really worried that our traditional cuisine may be changing because of imported food.
Table manners
It’s important to say traditional phrases at the beginning and end of a meal: itadakimasu (‘I gratefully receive’) and gochisosama deshita (‘I thank you for the meal.’) There are also rules for the use of chopsticks: don’t stick them upright into a bowl of rice or use them to point at the food. It’s a silly mistake that foreigners make. It is also very bad manners to bite or lick your chopsticks. You are supposed to eat what you are given, including every grain of rice in your bowl.
P = Presenter, A= Annie
P: Hello and welcome to ''Fifteen minutes to fabulous'' ... the cooking show that tells you how to prepare a dish in just a quarter of an hour. Just because you're in a rush does not mean that you have to live on pre-made meals. This is fast food, but home style. I'm Marcus Flint and our guest chef today is Annie Mitchell, with a quick dish that's suitable for the whole family. Annie...
A: Thanks, Marcus. Yes, today we have cheesy pasta with spinach.
P: Sounds good. So, what do we need and how many people will this feed?
A: OK. This is a dish for four people and here's what you need: 1 medium onion, peeled and chopped, 200 grams of spinach, washed and finely chopped, 450 grams of pasta, about 2 tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil, a little butter, a handful of basil leaves, and about 100 grams of grated cheese.
P: Right, so what do we do first?
A: OK, first thing is to get the pasta cooking, so we need a large saucepan of boiling salted water... In with the pasta and that will take about 12 minutes to cook. Remember, don't overcook the pasta or it will be soggy. Next, we heat the oil and butter in a frying pan over a medium heat and add the onions ... Fry gently for about five minutes until soft and golden. Now our spinach. Turn the heat down, ... and then ... add the spinach to the frying pan… Mix it gently with the onions until it cooks down - it takes only a couple of minutes.
P: So you don't need to boil or steam the spinach first? ...
A: No, if you do that, you lose some of the flavour and that lovely green colour. And if you cook it straight in the pan you don't lose any those vitamins.
P: OK, right.
A: And finally drain the pasta really well - you don't want it to be watery. Add the pasta to the onion and spinach and mix well. ... Finally, add in the cheese and the basil leaves and give one final stir ... . And there you have it. Cheesy pasta with spinach. ...come and try it, Marcus.
P: ... Mmm, this is really tasty. A great dish for vegetarians, too.
A: That's right. Of course you could change some of the ingredients, add a few olives and some garlic. And if you really can't live without meat or fish, add a bit of chicken or maybe some prawns to the onions and fry gently. It's just so versatile.
P: Great to see you, Annie and thanks for your recipe, which you can find on the ''Fifteen minutes to fabulous'' website.

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